In the name of Allah, Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy.
All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all creation, and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family and all his Companions.
These are chapters from Shaikhul-Islām Abu Ismā’īl Al-Harawī’s: “The Book Of Forty Narrations In The Evidences Of Tawhīd” (Born 396H and died 481H may Allah’s mercy be upon him). This compilation is an amazing series of narrations in the establishment of the Tawhīd of Allāh, the Mighty and Majestic, especially in the arena of the Names and Attributes that has left the Jahmiyyah and their offspring such as the Ashā’irah and Māturīdīs dumbstruck just as Allāh has said:
وَقُلْ جَاءَ الْحَقُّ وَزَهَقَ الْبَاطِلُ ۚ إِنَّ الْبَاطِلَ كَانَ زَهُوقًا
“And say: ‘The Truth has come and falsehood has been vanquished. Surely! Falsehood is ever bound to be vanquished.’” (Al-Isrā 17:81)
Chapter 24: Affirmation of Writing for Allāh, the Mighty and Majestic.
Abu Ismā’īl Al-Harawī (481H) with his chain of narration to Tāwūs who said: I heard Abu Hurayrah (radiyallāhu ‘anhu) narrate that Allah’s Messenger (salallāhu ‘alaihi wasallam) said:
احْتَجَّ آدَمُ وَمُوسَى، فَقَالَ لَهُ مُوسَى يَا آدَمُ أَنْتَ أَبُونَا خَيَّبْتَنَا وَأَخْرَجْتَنَا مِنَ الْجَنَّةِ. قَالَ لَهُ آدَمُ يَا مُوسَى اصْطَفَاكَ اللَّهُ بِكَلاَمِهِ، وَخَطَّ لَكَ بِيَدِهِ، أَتَلُومُنِي عَلَى أَمْرٍ قَدَّرَ اللَّهُ عَلَىَّ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَنِي بِأَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً. فَحَجَّ آدَمُ مُوسَى، فَحَجَّ آدَمُ مُوسَى ” ثَلاَثًا
“Moosā and Ādam debated, may the peace and blessings of Allāh be upon them both. Moosā said, ‘You are our father but have deprived us and caused us to be expelled from Paradise.’ Adam said to him, ‘O Moosā, Allah chose you to speak with, and he wrote the Tawrah for you with His own Hand. Are you blaming me for something which Allah decreed for me forty years before He created me?'” Allah’s Messenger said, “Thus Adam overpowered Moosā in the debate.” He said it thrice. (End)
(Checking: Reported by Al-Bukhārī no. 6614; Muslim no. 13, 15; Ahmad 2/248; Ibn Mājah no. 80; As-Sunnah of Ibn Abī Āsim no. 145)
Al-Imām Ibn Taymiyyah stated, “Ahlus-Sunnah describe Allāh with whatever He has described Himself with, and with whatever Allāh’s Messenger (salallāhu ‘alaihi wasallam) described Him with — without any distortion [from the apparent meanings] or negation — and without saying how His Attributes are, and without likening them to the creation.” (Majmū Al-Fatāwā 5/26)
Another Example of Allah’s Writing
A narration that is clear and authentic: Abu Hurairah (radiyallāhu ‘anhu) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (salallāhu ‘alaihi wasallam) said:
كَتَبَ رَبُّكُمْ عَلَى نَفْسِهِ بِيَدِهِ قَبْلَ أَنْ يَخْلُقَ الْخَلْقَ رَحْمَتِي سَبَقَتْ غَضَبِي
“Your Lord wrote for Himself with His own Hand before He created the creation: ‘My mercy precedes My wrath.’”
(Ibn Mājah, no. 189, sahīh)
Abu Khadeejah Abdul-Wāhid.